Indeginous Tourism Development: Case Analysis of Saharia Tribes

Surabhi Srivastava

Abstract


With the growing urban culture, the civilized man is slowly moving away from the natural surroundings and therefore there is an increasing demand for ecotourism all over the world. Eco-tourism not only provides livelihoods for local inhabitants and adds importance to local traditions and cultures, but can also directly generate revenue for environmental conservation and management. It also has the potential to sustain the tourism industry. Eco-tourism and tribal development both are complementary to each other in the forest areas. 

Rajasthani tribes are the mirror of cultural and historical legacy of the state. Sahariya, a primitive tribal group,(The subject of study) residing in south eastern part of State i.e. Baran, Kota, Dungarpur and Sawai Madhopur districts, is among the most backward tribal groups. The economy of tribals continues to be predominately agriculture with small landholding and irrigated area. These communities have higher incidence of illiteracy, malnourishment and poverty, and face social and geographic isolation. The region lacks productive land, irrigation facilities, industrialization and skill building opportunities.

The objective of the study is to empower the Saharia tribals (most primitive tribe in south eastern Rajasthan) through developing cultural/tribal tourism by  promoting tangible heritages (Archaeo Sites, attire, cuisine, ) and Intangible heritages (dance- music, festivals, customs & rituals). In order to fulfill the prescribed objective researcher visited these villages, interviewed the tribals and many NGO groups and define their prime problems and suggest the resolutions to develop the area for tourism which may improve the economic position of these tribes. The study is helpful in empowering the tribal and rural people.


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